COACH’S CORNER

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  • U5 – U8 Coaches Training Manual & Weekly Drills
  • U9 – U11 Coaches Training Manual & Weekly Drills
  • BUSC Dribbling Sequence Keys to teaching dribbling components. FIVE to be mastered by the U5-U6, U7-U8, & U9-U10 age group

TRAINING PRIORITIES

INTRODUCTION PHASE – U6 – U9:

PRIORITY: Having Fun

Technical:

  • Focus on one player, one ball
  • Players need many touches of ball during training sessions

Tactical:

  • 1 v 1 – 4 v 4, games. Let them play. If teammate is open-pass; if not find a solution by dribbling

General Mental Characteristics:

  • Players are self-conscious and have a limited attention span-be careful of tone and verbiage when addressing the players. Keep trainings moving along.
  • Easily bruised psychologically, give praise often-positive-encouraging environment
  • Players are told to play (by parents/coach)

General Physical Characteristics/Training:

  • Players require constant movement
  • Easy fatigue and rapid recovery
  • Physical coordination is limited, eye-hand, eye/foot coordination not developed


TECHNICAL PHASE – U10 – U12

PRIORITY: Development of Individual Technique

Technical:

  • Focus on passing, receiving, dribbling and shooting consistent instruction on technical aspects
  • Introduce heading but use a “soft” ball; could be a volleyball-beach ball
  • Individual defending (footwork, tackling) introduce touch restrictions (3 touch play, 2 touch play)

Tactical:

  • 1 v 1 – 4 v 4 games to develop technical skills; add in plus-one or two to help with possession; make space bigger to help with possession
  • Individual defending (pressure); if you lose it try and win it back mentality
  • Combination play (wall pass, takeover, overlap)
  • Movement off the ball (support)

General Mental Characteristics:

  • Players have a good sense of team loyalty and peer pressure becomes a factor
  • Players become more competitive and want to play; make exercises competitive

General Physical Characteristics/Training:

  • Players balance and coordination are enhanced
  • Begin to develop ability to perform complex skill Sequences
  • Introduce coordination training, with and without ball

***All training should be challenging, motivating and involve TRANSITION and DIRECTION, match related

 

TACTICAL PHASE – U13 – U15

PRIORITY: Importance of ball possession…DO NOT GIVE BALL AWAY!!!

Technical:

  • Technique must be reinforced due to physical change and added pressure
  • Technical training by position (Functional training)

Tactical:

  • 1 v 1 – 8 v 8 games to develop group (back/midfield/forward) tactics; add plus one or two to keep possession
  • Individual and small group defending (pressure, cover, balance); possibly introduce line of defending
  • Continue combination play (wall pass, takeover, overlap, third man run)
  • Possession games, with focus on 1 and 2 touch play

General Mental Characteristics:

  • Players are entering puberty
  • Phase is characterized by mental unrest and tendency to form social groups.

General Physical Characteristics/Training:

  • Period of physical change due to puberty
  • Continue coordination training with emphasis on agility and proper running technique

One in three sessions devoted to 3 v 3’s, 4 v 4’s, 5 v 5’s. Training sessions should be challenging, motivating and involve TRANSITION and be as match related as possible.

COMPETITION PHASE – U16 – U19

PRIORITY: Development of team play…DO NOT GIVE BALL AWAY!!!

Technical:

  • Technique must be perfected and performed under pressure of an opponent and with restrictions of time and space

Tactical:

  • 1 v 1 – 11 v 11 games to develop team functions (attacking and defending) per zone and positional play.
  • Numbers up and numbers down (ex. 6 v 4, 11 v 7)
  • Game – coaching

General Mental Characteristics:

  • Players are in psychic phase of puberty, become more set in their ways
  • Players starting to discover their own personalities.

General Physical Characteristics/Training:

  • Growth rate slows Muscle development (weight training) becomes important
  • Continue coordination training with emphasis on strength and power

Training sessions should be challenging, motivating and TRANSITION and match related

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COACHES ROLE

The role of the coach is to maximize development and increase the soccer performance of the individual players and team. Be clear, be a mentor, guide but do not over coach.

Know the 3 main moments of the game:

  • We have the ball
  • They have the ball
  • WE to THEY; THEY to WE; Changing possession (losing the ball, winning the ball)

Knowledge of the basic techniques:

  • Receiving
  • Passing
  • Dribbling
  • Finishing
  • Heading

Give correct instruction:

  • Give the right examples; ask questions; have players involved in finding solutions
  • Take into consideration age and level of play

Weekly evolution of training and match(s):

  • Read the game
  • Analyze the problem(s)/breakdowns
  • Formulate the objective(s), aim of the training
  • Perform the training
  • Evaluate after next match

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TECHNIQUES

TECHNIQUES WITH THE BALL

Receiving the ball:

  • Inside of the foot
  • Sole of foot
  • Instep
  • Thigh
  • Chest
  • Outside of the foot
  • Head Dribbling (running with the ball)
  • Outside of the foot
  • Instep inside of the foot
  • Sole of the foot Striking the ball (passing, finishing)
  • Inside of the foot
  • Instep outside of the foot head
  • Throw-in Fakes (dribbling moves)
  • Change of pace
  • Change of direction
  • Fake strike

TECHNIQUES WITHOUT THE BALL

Tackling

  • Poke
  • Block
  • Slide
  • Hook Movement
  • Walking
  • Jogging
  • Sprinting
  • Starting
  • Stopping
  • Turning
  • Jumping

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3 MAIN MOMENTS OF SOCCER

  1. WE HAVE THE BALL

Building up:

  • Make as much space as possible (wide and forward)- make possession are as BIG as possible
  • Think forward and play forward as soon as possible- find the next line
  • Otherwise use the wide player and then forward
  • Keep organization (shape) intact; it constantly is changing but always maintains its overall shape and spacing
  • Wait for the right moment to play the medium to long pass or to ask for the medium to long pass
  • Spread out- make it BIG
  • Take initiative, anticipate the situation, think ahead, communicate
  • Adjust your position when you’ve played the ball
  • Adjust position as the ball moves or opponents move or teammates move

Scoring goals

  • Ask for the ball at the right moment
  • Take on defenders; take risks
  • Try to score as quick as possible
  1. THEY HAVE THE BALL

Preventing scoring chances and scoring

  • Mark closely to the ball
  • Give cover to your teammates
  • Keep your opponent in front of you and block any shots at goal
  • Do not foul needlessly

Winning the ball

  • Make space as small as possible depending on the opponents strength
  • (pressing, dropping back)
  • Give cover further away from the ball (balance)
  • Attack the ball at the right moment (patience)
  • Constantly choose the right position (adjust)

Stopping the opponents from building up

  • Holding the opponents build up
  • Prevent the long pass, pressure the ball, make them play short
  • Force them to pass wide or dribble wide
  • Pressure, close in, defend in groups
  1. TRANSITION (CHANGING POSSESSION)
  • Losing the ball
  • Prevent the long pass
  • Pressure the ball
  • Winning the ball
  • Play forward as soon as possible
  • Support
  • Keep possession

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THE TRAINING SESSION

The challenge in designing a training session is to provide a positive, competitive, fun learning environment for the players.

Warm-up:

  • Must include ball, always technical intermittent dynamic stretching
  • fundamental stage
  • little or no pressure of opponent
  • match related as possible
  • small grid exercises, more movement and pressure of opponent
  • restrictions (space, time, touch, manner of scoring)
  • free play-important
  • evaluate

Keys to Creating a Successful Training Session

Have soccer related objectives:

  • To score goals
  • keep possession
  • switching of play
  • To defend-win ball back within specific parameters (location; time limit)

Many repetitions:

  • Good planning
  • Enough balls pumped up
  • Enough equipment cones, bibs

Correct coaching:

  • Influence players
  • Intervene, give specific instructions/demonstrate, ask questions, resume play; don’t stop too much